Long Ol’ Dusty Road

Badwater road Death Valley National Park CaliforniaAlthough we have seen little evidence of improvement at Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust, when we wrote the last articlelittle did we know that the long, long road to transformation had hardly started.

We quote text messages from third parties commenting on the evidence given by senior Trust leaders on 1 April – newcomers to the saga might have wondered if they were April Fool jokes!

“5 years on from Mazars and they are now looking at the [Serious Incident] investigation template. She admits the clinicians did not co-operate with investigations and could not see the point of them. They were too busy!!!!! 5 years on and now developing leaflets [for service users, families and carers]!!!”

We remind readers of two key issues in the Executive Summary [14,15] of the Mazars Review [January 2016]: 

“Despite the Board being informed on a number of occasions, including in representation from Coroners, that the quality of the SIRI¹ reporting processes and standard of investigation was inadequate, no effective action was taken to improve investigations during the review period.”

“There was no effective systematic management and oversight of the reporting of deaths and the investigations that follow – it is reasonable to expect the Trust to properly review the need for a further investigation into all deaths when staff have been sufficiently concerned about something which they have then reported to their incident management system.”

So (including Interims) four Chairs, four CEOs and three Medical Directors later and the Trust is still only, “Looking at” the investigation template and producing a leaflet to explain the process to patients, families and carers. One hopes the Panel will grasp the significance of this statement. Who is going to be held accountable? 

One wonders what the Care[less] Quality Commission, NHS [Un]improvement and West Hampshire Clinical Commissioning Group have been doing during this time.

During the week, there was further compelling evidence of the innate bias of the investigation in favour of Southern Health. For example:

  1. The week started with a tirade by Mr Nigel Pascoe baldly asserting that a Southern Health staffmember had been bullied horrendously using Twitter©, text messages and telephone calls. Whilst such conduct cannot be condoned, his silence about the gaslighting and bullying of the bereaved families and other potential witnesses, which led to their withdrawal from the process, is notable. Shaun Lintern of ‘The Independent‘ gives a balanced view here. 
  2. A second incident of a Southern Health executive, who could not make her written evidence available to the public because it contained senstive information – again one rule for Southern Health and another for service users, families, carers and the public. Dr Susie Carmen did the same earlier in the process; see here→.
  3. This week’s ‘score’ – 16.75 hours of hearings, of which 15.5hrs were dedicated to staff and only 1.25hrs to a family member/carer.
  4. Having referred to the Mazars Review again, the true independence of its Review team [page 2] is in stark contrast to the Public Investigation, with its panel heavy with NHS management. 

A Twitter© feed by a current Southern Health service user and potential witness at the Pascoe Hearing has come to light. It demonstrates bullying of current service users too. Starting with the earliest [bold added]:

“Southern_NHSFT why why do you distress suffering despairing people more and more? You are supposed to be improving. Doesn’t say much for all the money you wasted on quality improvement. There are good people working on the ground but zero confidence in the management.

“Last week was despair all created by @Southern_NHSFT. The final straw was to get a letter telling me not to complain about my care on Twitter, not name people I have never named anyone. I started a suicide note I stopped after a conversation and an email from a senior person.”

“Do you realise @Southern_NHSFT that a person who is suppressed and is not able to speak freely,  it is very damaging to ones mental health. I do not want letters telling me they would file it in their legal department because I complained on twitter.”

“There are some excellent people working for @Southern_NHSFT and have helped me a lot.The head of nursing I spoke to and sent me the apologetic email is one of them and many others. There is something inherently wrong at senior level because all the good caring people leave.”

What has happened to this great big Quality improvement programme which cost a fortune. I don’t see any improvement if anything things have got worse.”

“I have done absolutely nothing today, other than talk on the telephone to nice friends and family. My one wish for tonight is to get some sleep. Please @Southern_NHSFT don’t give me any more sleepless nights with your insensitive and inaccurate letters.”

“I feel very strong about injustice, for the past week it has been a tug of war with @Southern_NHSFT, which has worn me down physically and mentally. Came close to my death. Never win justice with organisations that cover up. Is it worth it?”

“I’m trying to be forgiving and understanding about @Southern_SHFT but I’m not a fool because I suffer with my mental health. I’m at a stage where I feel they wiĺl never change in spite of all the money spent on Quality improvement. What it lacks is transparency and honesty.”

“Cannot get to sleep thinking about the letter I received from @Southern_SHFT Meeting tomorrow,  just hope no more cover ups. I am entitled to say what I feel on any platform if I am not getting the support when I reach out. This letter has set my recovery back so much.

So, with letters to the mentally unwell implying the Trust might instruct theirlearned friends‘ resulting in suicidal thoughts and a relapse, how many service users would risk their care by ‘taking the stand’ at a Public Investigation with the Trust’s senior leaders looking on. 

And whilst on the subject of intimidation, as a relatively junior or new manager at Southern Health, how would you feel about criticising the Trust with the Chair, CEO and other Executive Directors looking on?

A final thought:

With five years delays in implementing change, one has to ask if Southern Health (and the NHS in general) is becoming too reliant on technology, systems and procedures at the expense of culture and human factors. We are reminded of the heroic actions of Captain Kevin Sullivan in saving 315 lives on Qantas Flight 72 after one of the aircraft’s three air-data units sent incorrect information to other systems, resulting in a flight control computer twice commanding the aircraft to nosedive towards the sea. The documentary is available here→

Capt. Sullivan quotes Capt. Chesley Sullenberger, pilot in command of US Airways Flight 1549, which ditched in the Hudson River off Manhattan after both engines were disabled by a bird strike; all 155 people aboard survived.² 


“Technology is no substitute for experience, skill, and judgment.”

The two ‘Sullies’ have a point.

Is technology in the NHS a substitute for experience, skill, judgement, empathy and an open culture?

©  Important Notice:


It has come to our attention that others reporting on Southern Health are culling images from this website without consent. Please see the copyright notice on our home page. We have also found images culled from other websites, including some where the copyright holders are, for example, the BBC, printed media or even the breaved families. 


¹ SIRI – Serious incidents requiring investigation

² ‘Miracle on the Hudson‘ by Chesley B. “Sully” Sullenberger lll with Jeffrey Zaslow (previously published as ‘Highest Duty“) 

Cloud Cuckoo Land?

Young man keeping mind conscious.Another weird week (ending 19 March) in the ‘not-so independent’ Public Investigation into Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust: a complete absence of service user/family/carer witnesses and no robust challenges by Panel Members.

Terms of Reference (“TORs”):

Before asking questions, ‘independent’ Panel Member, Dr Durkin asserted that the Panel’s role was to look at the current and future – not the past. This is an alarming departure from the TORs, which state that the Panel would consider:

“The extent to which the Trust has implemented recommendations from previous reviews and investigations and where further improvements can be made.” 

“The supervision structure that has been in place since 2011 by the Clinical
Commissioning Group [“WHCCG”] … and how it has been exercised towards the Trust in relation to complaints and investigations, and of any planned changes in the light of public concerns.”

The key previous inquiry was the Mazars Review [January 2016]. Dr Durkin, did you not notice that 2011 and 2016 are not the current or the future! Could your refusal to address the past relate to your role as NHS National Director of Patient Safety [2012- 2017]? Surely not!

There are countless adages on this subject too – from the 14th to the 21st century:

“The past resembles gthe future more than one drop of water resembles another.” Ibn Khaldun [1332-1406].

“In order to plan your future wisely, it is necessary that you understand and appreciate your past.” Jo Coudert [1923-2015].


Dr Katrina Webster, Clinical Lead, Mental Health & Learning Disability, W. Hampshire CCG.

Thumbs downEmployed by WHCCG since 2011 so ideal for the Panel to question about the supervision structure in place since 2011 as per the TORs. They failed to do so after Dr Durkin’s intervention.

She made several questionable claims: for example the Trust engaging more with families and service users; an improvement plan in place since 2016; and that the Trust had acheived its targets on care plan standards. No doubt unwittingly, she identified the difference between policies/plans and outcomes. She went on to say that 80% of carers didn’t know about care plans and others didn’t think they were worth the paper they are written on – yet the Trust is allegedly meeting its targets!

She had never seen some reports; could not answer key questions; and has no data to show discharge planning from secondary care had improved – she just ‘believed’ it. CRASH’s Freedom of Information Requests suggest that s.117 after-care¹ is a shambles. 

She admitted that Southern Health is not as good as other Trusts on communicating with patients, families and carers, “Until you find the right people, which is difficult.”

Steven Hales, Deputy Chair/Lay Member Working in Partnership Committee (“WIP“)

Thumbs down

Mr Pascoe started by emphasising that the Panel was especially interested in improvements in the last year, i.e. forget the TORs again!

Steven made some surprising assertions, which were at best exaggerated and at worst inconsistent with reality, for example about service user/family/carer involvement.

He engaged in his fair share of service user/family/carer blame, claiming that some complainants will never be satisfied and the priority should be how complainants are dealt with now. Again, forget the past! He claimed it was a communication problem to reach out to those who really hurt to convince them that things are different. He talked of advertising, public relations and leaflets. This is pure spin.

The answer is easy. TALK TO THOSE WHO HURT (the Trust has contact details) and remember, THE CUSTOMERS IS ALWAYS RIGHT. 

Most customers, who are now hurting, could have been satisfied if the post-2017 regime had not brought to an end co-operation with the Forum for Justice and Accountability at Southern Health (“the Forum”) and later with the breaved family group (set up by Alan Yates as Interim Chair). Initially, we were consulted and decribed as ‘critical friends’ of the Trust.

Indeed the Pascoe Investigation might have been avoided if, after Alan Yates left, the new regime had not brutally ended co-operation with the bereaved family group and ‘kicked the Forum into touch’. Could this be because the Chair and both CEOs are fearful of the members’ combined expertise and their robustness in challenging the Board. Surely not!

Notably, Stephen said one governor normally attends WIP meetings. ONLY ONE? 

He claimed Southern Health is not the same as it used to be and that it is safer now. He would not hesitate to refer his friends and families to the Trust. All talk and no evidence.

Amelia Abbott, Carers Strategy Project Officer/Triangle of Care Project Lead

Thumbs logo - greenJoining 9 months ago, Amelia made a refreshing change – a Southern Health official with genuine enthusiasm for her role; keen to make improvements; and with an impressive grasp of the Triangle of Care (“TOC”).

She was unafraid to expose the Trust’s continuing shortcomings. For example, the Forum have been recommending the TOC since 2016, and despite the Trust’s deadly failings in family liason exposed at two Inquests just 3 months apart, Amelia admitted that the Trust hasn’t achieved Stage 1 accreditation 5 years later. The Forum could make significant contributions to assist – if only we were allowed to do so. For example:

India realistic waving flag vector illustration. National countrAt a Board Meeting on 4 December 2018, CRASH suggsted the Trust should adopt two sections from the Indian Mental Health Act 2017 (“IMHA”) as best practice. Minuted here→

We contacted the two experts named by the Trust, Prof. Dimash Bhugra and Prof. Sir Simon Wessely. They agreed that section 98 of the IMHA could be used in UK as ‘best practice’ without changing UK law:

“S.98 (1): When a PMI² is discharged into the community or to a different mental health unit or a new psychiatrist takes over, the existing psychiatrist must consult the PMI, the nominated representative and the relevant family member or carer. (2): The existing psychiatrist will, in consultation with the persons referred to in s.98(1), ensure a plan is developed as to how treatment of services are to be provided.” 

We also found useful guidance in the World Health Organisation Rule Book.

Simples! TOC and Care Planning improved in one go – if the policy is strictly applied. Yet has this been implemented? We doubt it – we continue to see failings in care when inpatients are discharged or transferred between hospitals and/or Consultants.

Amelia made useful observations on TOC training. At first, she saw an average of only 6 staff on courses but this is increasing: her next course is full. Even more enlightening (if unsurprising) is that she typically saw nurses and allied health professionals – but only occasionally Consultants and doctors. She agreed that better data is needed on this.

Beth Ford, Service User Involvement Facilitator

Thumbs down

Beth is to be commended for disclosing her autism and mental ill-health but, having asserted that the Panel (as a result of her autism) would only hear the truth, she made two seriously misleading statements, perhaps unwittingly.

  • She claimed there were no Out-of-Area Placements. If this were true, why would Southern Health invest £3.3m on two new mental health wards with a total bed capacity of 28. The target opening date is Summer 2021. One ward is specifically to “Provide  mental health support to women  in a bid to prevent the need for treatment outside Hampshire.” Marchood Priory is still receiving NHS-funded patients too. 
  • She denied that the Trust is responsible for 111 services – a half-truth: Dr Broughton set up a specialist 111 team manned by Southern Health staff but based at the 111 call centre. We know this after supporting a service user in a complaint about 111.

  She made a number of other dubious assertions. For example:

  • To talk with as many service users, carers, families as possible to gather feedback. 
  • Before 2019 (when she joined) she would not be treated by the Trust. Now she would. To misquote Mandy Rice-Davies, “Well, she would say that, wouldn’t she?”
  • There has been a major culture shift at Southern Health since she joined.

However, most alarming revelation was the description of her day-to-day activities. She alleged to have: all-points access to Trust units; unsupervised access to patients and their records; free reign to upbraid Southern Health’s clinical staff and others; and authority to resolve complaints on the spot. She also claims to barge into Directors’ offices on a whim and admits to occasional use of inappropriate language in doing so. 

super cop from the future, cyberpunk. Police

Beth – ‘Robo Cop‘ of Southern Health?

However, the NHS includes as common signs of autism – finding it hard to understand what others are thinking or feeling and seeming blunt, rude or not interested in others without meaning to.

Indeed, we believe there are serious risks in an autistic person carrying out this role unsupervised – including a risk to the person doing so. Indeed, is this not a role for Board and Divisional Directors?    

Two observers could not believe their ears – despite their combined business experience, including Quality Improvement, they had never seen such a bizarre management structure. 

Scary EmogiEven allowing for her disability, if Southern Health’s Board truly believes this attitude and modus operandi will encourage service users, families, carers and staff to speak up truthfully, they are sadly mistaken – living in Cloud Cuckoo Land one might say

Again, all Beth’s evidence related to the alleged improvements since 2019. She did say, without a hint of irony, that she felt some NHS staff were intimidating people! She made other interesting points, which require further research, relating for example to complaints handling, use of generic email addresses and unpaid service user volunteers.


Two ex-Public Governors summed up Southern Health’s management structure succinctly.

“All the plans are bolt-ons – find a problem and form another committee with little oversight. You can’t buy a Land Rover and turn it into a F1 racng car by buying and bolting on extras.”🙁

“I’m getting the hang of their modus operandi. Let one CEO move on, and blame him for everything if convenient! (They didn’t seem as bold to blame that woman [Katrina Pecy] when she led the Trust!) I’m quite perturbed at Lynne, because [redacted for legal reasons]. I believe a lot is being done to undo the good work of public involvement and holding to account during these Covid times. I would not be surprised that there will be lots of scandals afterwards.” 🙁

In short, transformation of Southern Health is a long, long and very dusty ol’ road.   

Badwater road Death Valley National Park CaliforniaWith apologies to Jerry Jeff Walker


¹ Section 117 of The Mental Health Act 1983 (as amended) makes Local Authority Social Services and CCGs entirely responsible for aftercare.

² PMI – patient with mental illness.

³ Cloud Cuckoo Land: a state of absurdly over-optimistic fantasy. As in, “Anyone who believes that these plans will be effective is living in cloud cuckoo land”.

(opens in 

Little People

Sketch of working little people with scale

This week, what a family member described as a, “not-so independent investigation” into Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust demonstrated that complainants (‘the little people’), however well-qualified, are crushed by what some refer to as a totalitarian state

Again, there is no recording of the hearing in the public domain so we must be careful in what we report. However, journalists use shorthand so we can rely more on media reports. 

Question Mark 2Firstly, there were positive undertakings from Mr Nigel Pascoe QC, Chair of the Hearing and Paula Hull, the Trust’s Director of Nursing & Allied Health Professionals.

Now we have to see if they will be honoured.


Witness Intimidation: 

Mr Pascoe issued a warning over attempts to intimidate witnesses giving evidence:

Watching in Aggression - Retro Cartoon Office old Boss Man Vecto

“Any attempts by any person, anywhere, to dissuade a witness from giving evidence, in criminal or civil proceedings, may amount to an attempt to pervert the course of justice.¹”

And added that the Panel would, “Not hesitate to act” on attempts to intimidate witnesses.


In our opinion, a charge of Misconduct in Public Office² might allow more flexibility because the offence is confined to public office holders and is committed when the office holder acts (or fails to act) in a way that constitutes a breach of the duties of that office.

Dissatisfied Complainants:

Paula Hull issued what amounted to an open invitation to all dissatisfied complaints to contact her to discuss their outstanding concerns.

Laughing with tears and pointing emoticon

Ironically, she also stressed that Terms of Reference (“TORs”) for investigations must be agreed with complainants. Exactly what NHS Improvement failed to do in respect of the Pascoe investigation!


Fact-checking – Triangle of Care:

In the Stage 1 Report, we identified a mis-statement about the Triangle of Care, detailed here. Yet, this week a Southern Health witness repeated the same terminological inexactitude that the Triangle of Care was launched in 2018, despite the Trust’s admission in November 2019 that this was wrong. The excuse was that it was a “genuine mistake“. That’s now three, “Genuine mistakes.” This is fact – we don’t need a recording.

Alarmingly, CRASH wrote to Mr Pascoe on 28 January 2021 attaching emails from the Triangle of Care, copyright owner. Yet still, the Panel did not challenge the witness. 

Balance of Evidence: 

In three days scheduled for ‘Complaints Handling’, 10.5 hours were allowed for witnesses from Southern Health and their supporters, West Hampshire Clinical Commissioning Group but only 2.5 hours for service users. Res Ipsa Loquitur.

Equally, the procedures for the Hearing specified that, if 3rd parties names are used in statements, they will be anonymised or redacted and not referred to during the public hearing. Any breach would lead to a warning by the Chair and potentially the Panel might refuse to hear further evidence. Yet, Dr Susie Carmen produced unredacted evidence, which she could not show to the public – and the Panel went along with her.  

Thumbs down

Yet again, one rule for service users and carers and another role for Trust witnesses. As evidence had to be submitted in advance, why did the Panel not instruct Dr Carmen to redact it?


Service User Witness

Thumbs logo - green

All credit to carer, Sue Heselton – a bereaved mother not included in the family group. We could hear the distress in her voice. She started by endorsing Mr Matt White’s suggestions last week and went on to make the following observations (from contemporaneous notes):


  • People are still very unhappy not just in the past: she knows unhappy patients now.
  • The Trust should make it easier to complain avoiding the need to repeat complaints.
  • She has been blocked from making complaints and the Trust insists that she uses a generic address. It stops people being heard.
  • Investigations need to be independent, not be controlled by SH.
  • Investigators need legal training, have a good understanding, and be confident enough to ask for anything.
  • She claimed to have watched ward staff persuading inpatients not to make a complaint with such statements as, “Oh you don’t want to make a complaint, so you dear?”
  • Staff need kindness and compassion.
  • Southern Health is a top heavy organisation!


We commented earlier that, despite witnesses attesting they would tell the truth, there was no means of checking if they were doing so. However, this time the Panel DID know about the discrepancy relating to the Triangle of Care (above) but failed to challenge it.

Do as I say

Again, witnesses made various assertions, which were not evidence based. None appeared to have a grasp of their brief and some gave the impression they didn’t want to be there. We heard some hypocrtical statements – effectively summed up as a large dose of, “Do as I Say (Not as I Do)“³

Put another way, I believe that progress made by Southern Health is not how they sought to characterise it. For example:


Dr David Hicks, Non-Executive Director of the Trust claimed that its complaints handling system was, “Very inclusive“, and “Very patient centred.” Dr Hicks described Mr Pascoe’s [Stage 1] report as, “Harrowing reading“, and said the, “Memory” of the patients was a, “Strong implement (sic) to improve things.Read more here→

Dr Hicks, if memories were so harrowing and a strong incentive to improve, why did you:

  1. Not hold the Trust’s Board to account after the then-Chief Executive Officer brutally ended co-operation with the families in December 2018?
  2. Not ensure the current CEO re-engaged with them?
  3. Take an exclusive and non-complainant centred approach when commissioning an investigation yourself?  

Paula Hull, made assertions that CRASH does not recognise from personal experience. Some of our questions remain unanswered after almost 10 years, despite a reminder being recorded at a post-2016 Board Meeting.

She emphasised the importance of TORs for investigations being agreed with complainants. CRASH knows that the Trust is prone not to do so – especially if the complaint relates to senior leaders. She also claimed that, when complainants disagree, they can add comments to investigation reports. That’s news to CRASH too.

Dr Susie Carmen, Consultant Psychiatrist said there had since been a, “Genuine culture shift from the top of the organisation” and asserted that it was normally new and junior consultants, who don’t get things right on family involvement. The families of Ellie Brabant, Joey Duarte, Luke Keen would disagree. Another bereaved family member disagreed too:

“It is indefensible that she blames the lack of liaison with families on new psychiatrists who may not know the guidance properly, especially given her educational role at the Trust. The fact is that psychiatrists should know what their responsibilities are and what the guidance states before they commence their work with vulnerable people and their families – we shuold not be scape-goats for these failings whatever their cause.” 

And by no means could Ellie, Joey or Luke’s Consultants could be considered junior.

Truth Commission – as well as the families’ pleas for a genuinely independent inquiry, perhaps a Truth Commission is required too.

In Memoriam.

Jo Deering 1 

Jo Deering, a much-loved lady lost too early, and whose family still await justice after almost 10 years.    


© Dr Maureen Rickman




¹ Crown Prosecution Service, Charging Standards for Public Justice Offences.

² Ditto – Misconduct in Public Office

³ Do as I Say (Not as I Do): Profiles in Liberal Hypocrisyby Peter Schweizer  


Sideshow: 1. A minor show or exhibition in connection with a principal one, as at a circus.  2. Any subordinate event of matter.¹

So the Public Hearing into Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust, which resulted from the deaths of five vulnerable people, opened with an odious statement by Mr Nigel Pascoe QC relegating the bereaved families to a sideshow – a subordinate event. A fully copy of his statement (for publication) is here→

Amongst other objectionable parts of his statement is:

“As Chair of this investigation, I have decided today not to make any comments on either of the responses given by the families. To do so would be to prolong their agony, with the added danger of creating a sideshow.”

And yet, relegating the families to a sideshow and not explaining their failure to reengage, did exactly what he claimed he wanted to avoid. Family members who watched his statement were so upset that they are unlikely to log in to the hearing any more.

One of Mr Pascoe’s more objectionable comments concerned the Panel Members:

“I have no doubt whatsoever that they cherish their independence.”

Changing the gender in Hamlet by William Shakespeare: 

The man doth protest too much, methinks”²

It insults the intelligence of the families, the media and the public. A TV reporter has already identified it. It is a key reason why the families withdrew – no wonder Mr Pascoe refused to expand on the subject – and didn’t even allow the Panel Members to introduce themselves so the public could judge for themselves. The families’ full statement is available here and we quoted subsequent statements here. The families asserted specifically:

“The idea of spending a few more months locked into an exploitative relationship devoid of trust, with people who mock the word independence [our emphasis].”

For good measure, Mr Pascoe engages in the NHS-practice of media/family blame:

“Nothing will deflect us from pursuing that objective, no matter how much noise there is in the public arena.”

The, “Noise” Mr Pascoe was (amongst other things) caused by NHSE’s failure to produce Terms of Reference (“TORs”) that met the families’ expectations and a panel, which no reasonable person would perceive as indepenedent. And you, Mr Pascoe agreed them.

No wonder Mr Pascoe did not want to address the families withdrawal in detail. Clearly, it had more to do with concealing the fatal flaws in the TORs and procedures. His statement served only to prolong their agony.

Here are some comments about Mr Pascoe’s opening statement by bereaved family members [unredacted, save for identities, with emphasis added}:

Family member 1.

“Thank you for sending this slimy statement – it is interesting insofar that Pascoe clearly feels compelled to explain and justify his decisions !!!!! And he does so (notably in the same manner as the [unsigned] panel statement) without explaining what is meant by ‘CONSTRUCTIVE CHANGE’!!  His claim that he was left with just ‘two choices’ is plain bullshit as if he  had he actually carried out an investigation into the ‘quality of investigations’ he would have found more urgent issues to consider than Trust policy!!!!!!!!!

Family Member 2.

“Thank you [CRASH] for your work and support, without you we’d have none whatsoever. 

“You’re right, his opening statement made me feel totally vindicated for removing ourselves from this deeply biased, heinous process.  I would not want him or the ‘not so independent’ Panel to sully the memory of our deeply loved, beautiful [redacted].” 

Family Member 3. 

“Thank you for taking the time to send this on to us. I will be interested to see the outcome and whether anyone will actually ask why we didn’t go ahead?

Don’t hold your breath!

TV Journalist.

CRASH spoke to a TV reporter on the second day of the Hearing. It was an interesting conversation. She agreed the lack of independence of the Panel, commented on the small number of service user/carer witnesses, and the unconvincing  procedure. 

The Daily Echo reports (here) that one bereaved family member is so distressed by this charade that she has written to the Prime Minister and Secretary of State asking for a genuinely independent investigation. 

Witnesses:  Thumbs down

In talking of witness numners, the TV reporter was spot on. Also Trust witnesses did not inspire confidence that they had a grasp of their brief.


We should however express sympathy for Julia Lake. She became Deputy Director of Nursing when the formidable³, Florence Nightingdale Scholar, Sara Courtney left about four months ago. It reflects poorly on Southern Health’s leadership that they cannot retain the services of a well-respected officer and put up a new appointee for such an onerous and stressful task.   

It was notable also that witnesses were asked to attest that they would tell the truth but there was no means of checking if they were doing so. We will go no further now than saying that several questionable statements were made to the Panel.

Laughing with tears and pointing emoticon

Others were simply laughable.

None were challenged.



Thumbs logo - greenService User Witness

Credit must go to service user, Mr Matt White who made five extremely  good suggestions.


As there is no recording or transcript available to the public, I hope I have noted them accurately. They are excellent ideas. Matt started by asking how to complain about the complaints department – that speaks for itself! He had reached five conclusions!  

  1. Moving forwards, staff should follow their employers’ policies, first and foremost. [Otherwise] it’s a pointless document. [Applies to Directors as well as staff. Ed.]
  2. Professional negligence insurance should be available for complaints handlers/investigators [Not clear on this one. Ed.] 
  3. Clinicians should record their thought processes in patients’ medical records as well as facts and decisions.
  4. Evidence suggests that the complaints department should itself be independently investigated.
  5. Selection & Training of investigators needs to be more robust with accountability. Second investigator not up to the job: when challenged went silent.

Matt, who has questions unanswered since 2017, said that the complaints process was very hard work; damaging to him; not made easy; still has unanswered questions. He had seen no improvements since 2017. He still feels no closure or resolution and feels he has exhausted all options. He referred to deep psychological and emotional harm.

Matt hit the ‘nail on the head’ – staff (including leaders) don’t follow policies and the complaints department itself needs independent investigation including of its supervision – hopefully more independent than this charade. The families reasons for withdrawing included the TORs only allowing the Panel to consider the robustness of policies – no point in that because the Trust (including leaders) often pay scant (or no) regard to its complaints policies and procedures anyway.  

And finally:

For those who wish to form their own opinion, next week’s schedule for the Hearing (including witness details) is here 9 – 11 March witness schedule for publication. 

Links to the hearing (on Microsoft Teams©) are available from the Panel Secretary, Alice Scott –  a.scott@pumpcourtchambers.com 


¹ Sideshow | Definition of Sideshow at Dictionary.com

² A cynical, ironic, somewhat sarcastic comment about someone overdoing a denial, suggesting that they are, indeed, to some degree guilty.

³ We interpret ‘Formidable selectively as, “Inspiring respect through being impressively capable” as in, “A formidable upholder of service users’ rights.” We do not mean, “Inspiring fear through being impressively large!!!”   

Basil Fawlty?

Time to Fact Check Dispel Rumors Find Truth Clock 3d Illustration

We planned to fact-check Mr Nigel Pascoe QC’s Stage 1 report, having found a glaring error. However, it has become more important to fact-check the process for Stage 2, which is fast becoming Fawlty-esque. So, we will update the story with news links; correct the error in the Stage 1 report; and finally fact-check the procedures for Stage 2.

‘Nursing Times’CNO replaced as senior responsible officer in Southern Health inquiry

Another courageous report on Chief Nursing Officer for England, Ruth May – now standing down as Senior Responsible Officer (“SRO”) for Stage 2. Did thIs follow the robust criticism in the ‘Nursing Times’ first report? Surely not!  Free access to the Nursing Times here→

‘Daily Echo’ – ‘Bereaved families ‘lost trust’ in NHS

Valerie Walsh – a Southern Heath employee compares her treatment for mental health with her stay in an acute hosital. Her Tweets from 17 September to 3 October 2020 are telling. We met Val in 2016, just after she resigned from Southern Health to protect health – yet she still had the dedication to rejoin. Read more here→ and here→.

Pascoe Stage 1 Report – Fact Check – The Triangle of Care

On p.175 of the Report, Southern Heatlh NHS Foundation Trust claims:

“Triangle of Care, a national initiative, launched in 2010 by the Carers Trust for mental health and inpatient services was re-launched in Adult Mental Health services (2018).”

This is wrong: CRASH questioned the Trust’s use of the Triangle of Care logo in November 2019. On 17 November 2019, a senior official from Carers’ Trust replied:

“I have looked into the issue you raised and I can confirm that Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust have applied to become a member of the Triangle of Care community.  They are currently undertaking level 1 which is focused on inpatient services. They have until mid-July  2020 to complete this phase which will then be reviewed by a team who have gone through the process and are outside of the South West to ensure independence.  The review team will include a carer. If they are successful they can go to level 2 which focuses on community and crisis services.

“I have also been in touch with the Trust and asked them to take out the two stars from the Triangle of Care logo which they have done. They have apologised and assured me this was a genuine mistake by the person who put it on the website because they had insufficient knowledge of the scheme.”

So the Trust told the Panel that the scheme had been re-launched in 2018 but one year later the Trust had not been approved; was misusing the logo; and had up to another 6 months to complete the approval process. I believe that the ‘re-‘ in ‘re-launch’ is misleading per se

It is interesting to note the Trust’s excuse that it was a, “Genuine mistake.” In November 2019, Mr Pascoe’s Stage 1 Report was still in draft form. There cannot be two, “Genuine mistakes” so Trust Board Members could have rectified this ‘mistake’. 

Stage 2 – Fact Check  

It is evident that even the procedures for Stage 2 have not been fact-checked. For example:

1. When a potential witness asked the new SRO Aidan Fowler for a copy of the Mental Health Act 2005, which was quoted in the papers, he supplied a link to the Mental Capacity Act 2005. The Mental Health Act 2005 does not exist. Might this error result from his ‘trade’ – a Consultant Colorectal Surgeon? At least, if stress from this process causes anyone to suffer severe haemorrhoids and constipation, perhaps he can help!  

2. In ‘The Daily Echo’ on 12 February, Medical Director Dr Karl Marlowe is quoted: 

“We encourage anybody who wants to share their experience to contact the Panel directly.”

Funny that – the deadline was 10a.m. on 11 February!

3.  Originally, those meeting the 11 February deadline were to be informed on 12 February if the Panel required a full written with statement and evidence. Then, witnesses would have until 17 February (two working) days to submit it. However, on 12 February, we learned that the deadline had been extended until 4pm on 22 February!

Great, you might think! However, how many potential witnesses didn’t register originally knowing believing they would have only two working days to submit full statements and evidence. The fragrant Ruth ‘Stay Home This Easter’ May was aware of concerns about unrealistic timescales months ago.

4. There is a mystery over the status of the new SRO, Aidan Fowler, too. Whilst using NHS notepaper for this purpose: 

“Since March 2020 he has been on secondment to the Office of the Chief Medical Officer, Professor Chris Whitty” [source: gov.uk]

Of course, Professor Whitty is currently committed to COVID-19, aided by his three Deputy Chief Medical Officers, two of whom we have seen at Number 10 Briefings – the ever-impressive Professor Jonathan Van-Tam, along with Dr Jenny Harries. Whilst Aidan Fowler, who clearly is engaged in Covid work too – even writing articles for the press and being named on Professor Whitty’s profile.


Who should be more concerned?

The public for the risk of distracting a Deputy CMO from Covid or the bereaved families for the risk of Covid distracting the SRO?

More on Mr Basil Aidan Fowler to come.


Lockdown Well-Being

YogaImage via Unsplash

Guest Post By: Stephanie Haywood – My Life Boost

How to Stay Healthy During the COVID-19

While you’re doing your part to stay inside and limit social contact during the COVID-19 pandemic, it doesn’t take long for cabin fever to start setting in. Starting a home workout regimen is one of the best ways to give your day structure and stay fit and healthy. You can also meet your health goals by cooking delicious meals at home and making time for self-care. Read on to learn about some helpful resources.

Appealing young lady in light blue outfit sitting in tragic postureMaking and Using a Home Workout Space

Even though you’re at home, there are still tons of workout possibilities. Whatever your choice of workouts, make sure to build out your home gym according to your needs.

Further useful guidance at:



  1. The Best Home Gym Accessories
  2. 6 Warmup Exercises to Help Boost Your Workout
  3. The High-Intensity Cardio Workout You Can Do in Your Living Room
  4. Planning Your At-Home Dumbbell Weight Training Program
  5. 8 Cool Down Exercises That Can Make Your Workout More Effective

Practicing Self-Care at Home

Along with establishing a fitness routine, self-care is essential during the pandemic. Look to eat nutritious meals and find new ways to relax. Further useful guidance at:

  1. A Short Self-Care Yoga Practice for Busy Days
  2. 3 Reasons Why Cooking Can Be a Form of Self-Care
  3. 7 No-Fuss, Self-Care Foods You Can Make to Cozy Up
  4. The Best Meal Delivery Services
  5. House Cleansing: A Checklist for Clearing Bad Energy from Your Home
  6. 15 DIY Self-Care Ideas Using Essential Oils
  7. How to Make Your Bubble Bath the Most Relaxing
  8. 7 Foods That Help Fight Depression and Anxiety

Yoga Silhouette Background

Even when your yoga studio or gym is closed and you can’t do your normal routines out in the community, you can still prioritize your health and wellness at home. By setting yourself up for home fitness and carving out time for self-care, you can make it through COVID-19 in better spirits and stay healthy.


Stephanie Haywood – My Life Boost


EDITOR’S NOTE: How to safely return to exercise after COVID-19

Problems can appear when people push too hard on a body that’s trying to recover from illness: it warrants extra caution so that patients don’t hurt themselves as they’re eager to resume a healthy, active lifestyle. If in doubt please seek medical advice.

Doctors have warned that, even after a mild case of coronavirus, many COVID-19 survivors trying to get back to their exercise routine will discover a body that’s changed long after their initial symptoms have come and gone. Read more here→

Substantial Meal?



Three month’s since our last post – so much has been happening at Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust that the moment we were ready to write a new one, something else cropped up. So, for a change, we’re going to poke some fun at the government.

This week alone, we’ve heard lots of stories about, “Substantial meals.”

Environment Secretary George Eustice said a Scotch egg, “Would probably count.”

Yesterday, Minister for the Cabinet Office, Michael Gove said:

“As far as I am concerned it’s probably a starter, but the broader, more serious point we need to establish is there are reasonable rules which are there to keep us all safe.

“It’s a definition in law that has existed for years now, if I wanted to take my 16-year-old son or 17-year-old daughter out to the pub, I can buy them an alcoholic drink provided it’s with a substantial meal. “Well it’s [a substantial meal] been defined in law for years now. The law was passed long before I became an MP.”

“My own preference when it comes to a substantial meal might be more than a scotch egg, but that’s because I am a hearty trencherman, “The serious point is the pubs have known for years now what a substantial meal is… I think you are being unfair on the hospitality sector.”

Mr Gove was right to say that a substantial meal had been defined in law before he became an MP in 2005. I wonder why the government’s legal army didn’t brief Ministers properly. Perhaps Sir Humphrey Appleton QC thinks he’s too important to read the Law Society Gazette, which ran an article on the subject as recently as 13 October 2020! 

The definition is to be found, not in formal legislation, but in common law.

The story behind Timmis v Millman (1965) 109 SJ 31 goes that two men were in a hotel bar at 11.30pm consuming alcohol outside permitted hours (but within the supper hour extension of the time). Lord Chief Justice, Lord Parker found that the sandwiches the pair were eating:

“Were so substantial, and assisted by the pickles and beetroot so as to justify that it was a table meal and not a mere snack from the bar”.

This followed the case of Soloman v Green (1955) 119 JP 289, where sandwiches and sausages on sticks were found to amount to a meal.

Read more on the website of Trinity Chambers, where specialist barrister Charles Holland, who first tweeted about on the subject, is a tenant:

So it seems that a Scotch egg alone is NOT a substantive meal but it might be if accompanied by a decent sandwich and a few extras.

ploughman's lunch on a white plate, top view


This is what we call a substantial meal!

Toast, cheddar cheese, apple, scotch eggs, sliced head cheese, tomatoes, spinach, hot mustard, pickled onion – a traditional ploughman’s lunch.


I’m not sure if this is any clearer but this is the law unless/until another case comes to Court – if anyone is foolish enough to incur substantial legal expenses! Of course, there could be many fools in Government – and they’d be using our money not their own!

Girl with bunny ears with ostrich egg on a colored background.


And finally, although we don’t want to make a meal of it (sorry), is a Scotch egg made from an Ostrich egg¹ a substantial meal?




Dido1 001


Or the egg of the Dodo bird?²


Private Eye



¹ Ostrich eggs are the largest of all eggs – on average they are 15.9 in. long, 5.1 in. wide, and weigh 3.1 lb, over 20 times the weight of a chicken’s egg

² The size and shape of Dodo eggs are unknown.

Therapy or Torture?


In ‘Electroconvulsive Trauma?  we highlighted current academic research on ECT, which led to 40 mental health professionals, patients and carers signing an Open Letter to the Care Quality Commission (widely copied within the NHS) asking that ECT be suspended. 

We expressed special concern about a training video on depression for registered mental health nurses, produced by Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust. It underplayed seriously the risks associated with ECT: leading academic, Dr John Read deemed it:

“Irresponsible not to mention brain damage/memory loss.”

In 6 years to 2017-18, Southern Heath administered no less than 10,592 ECT ‘treatments’:

Press & FOI 001 - Copy

As this a serious  patient safety issue, we emailed (via  Complaints Manager, Kate Oliver) Ron Shields (CEO), Paula Hull (Director of Nursing) and Dr David Hicks (Non-executive Director) on 3 September 2020 about the video. We asked them to confirm that:

  • The errant training video will be taken down immediately (permanently or pending an edit).
  • Those attending that tutorial will receive updated advice on ECT.
  • All Consultants, junior doctors and registered mental health nurses will receive updated advice on ECT.
  • Pursuant to Prof. Read’s opinion, consent forms for ECT will emphasise the risk of brain damage/memory loss.

And we added in closing:


Clearly, this is a matter that requires urgent attention. Please let me have an action plan to address this issue, a target date for completion, and, once completed, a link to the new/edited tutorial and a copy of the consent form.”

The full text of the email is available here→.

Also, we have filed a Freedom of Information Request via ‘WhatDoTheyKnow‘¹ to request ECT figures for the last two years along with the following additional information including:

  • How many Southern Health patients have received Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)?
  • On average, how many ECT cycles did each patient received?
  • How many patients were given ECT without their consent?
  • How many patients were given ECT against the wishes of their nearest relative or other family members?
  • How many serious side-effects were recorded and what were these side-effects?
  • How many complaints were received from patients/carers as a result of ECT?
  • Why does the Trust train registered mental health nurses to believe that, “[ECT is] very old… seems a bit strange…. seems to improve mood when really depressed – it’s really effective, we don’t know why or how [but] it works for a lot” when there is no scientific evidence to support this view?
  • Why are the nurses not made aware of the risks of brain damage and memory loss?

The FOI request is here, where the Trust’s response will me made public too.  


¹ WhatDoTheyKnow: How it works: under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (as amended) everyone has the right to request information from any publicly-funded body, and get answers. WhatDoTheyKnow helps you make a Freedom of Information request. It also publishes all requests and responses to ensure the widest possible exposure to the public.

There are currently 255 FOI requests recorded here for Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust and a further 11 here for its predecessor organisation. For the purposes of openness and transparency, CRASH thoroughly recommends filing an FOI through its website.

Covid Companions

Cute Labrador dog with stethoscope as veterinarian on light blue backgroundWhere have the last two months gone since our previous post?

Covid-19 has exposed an enormous gap between (on the one hand) the medical expertise, competence and empathy of doctors, nurses and other staff ‘on the front line’ and (on the other hand), the shortage of leadership skills within the NHS. So, let’s look at three heart warming stories involving our furry friends.

Medical Detection Dogs




One of six dogs who could lead the way for dogs to be used to identify travellers entering the country infected with Covid-19 the virus or to be deployed in other public spaces.

© Medical Detection Dogs


A UK trial has begun to see if specialist medical sniffer dogs can detect coronavirus in humans. The dogs are trained already by the charity Medical Detection Dogs to detect odours of certain cancers, malaria and Parkinson’s disease. Read more→

These diseases have their own unique odour: the charity believes medical detection dogs can be trained to detect COVID-19 too and that this could be an important part of the efforts to overcome this epidemic. Read more→

A dog’s incredible sense of smell is thanks to the complex structure of its nose, which contains over 300 million scent receptors, compared to 5 million in a human. Thus, they have an incredible ability to detect odours, and are the best biosensors known to man, which, combined with dogs’ ability to learn makes them perfect for detection dog.

Many of us will have encountered sniffer dogs at airports, where they are commonly used to detect explosives, drugs and agricultural products with high levels of accuracy.

With £500,000 of government funding, the first phase of the trial is being led by London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, along with the charity and Durham University.

To donate and help the charity continue its life-saving work click here→. To assist as a volunteer, including fundraising, puppy socialising and fostering, click here→.

Llama with Envy-inducing Eyelashes[Original Source: New York Times 06.05.20]

Who would have thought that a llama called Winter with, “Envy-inducing eyelashes” could be important in the fight against Covid-19?

Llama Winter


Living on a farm run by Ghent University, Winter participated in virus studies involving SARS & MERS. Her antibodies staved off those viruses so scientists from The University of Texas, The National Institutes of Health and Ghent University’s Vlaams Institute for Biotechnology postulated that the same antibodies could also neutralize the virus that caused Covid-19. They were right, and published results on 5 May 2020 in the journal Cell.

© Tim Coppens


The researchers are hopeful the antibody can eventually be used as a prophylactic, by injecting someone, such as a health care worker who is not yet infected, to protect them from the virus. While the treatment’s protection would be immediate, its effects wouldn’t be permanent, lasting only a month or two without additional injections.

This approach is at least several months away, but the researchers are moving toward clinical trials. Additional studies may also be needed to verify the safety of injecting a llama’s antibodies into humans.

Vets & nurses needed for NHS hospital wards” [Original Source: Vet Times 03.04.20]

In April, Hampshire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust reached out to animal health colleagues for assistance with clinical care for critical care 3045267_vetwithdog_324492and acute medical patients.

The role (described as a ‘bedside support worker’) includes tasks such as monitoring temperature, pulse and respiration; blood pressure and oxygen saturation; as well as venepuncture and venous cannulation, “If trained and assessed as competent to do so”.


Health Service Journal also reported that Torbay and S. Devon Foundation Trust had recruited 150 vets and veterinary nurses to enrol as, “Respiratory assistants” to act as the “eyes and ears” of the ICU medics. A trust spokeswoman said that veterinary staff have valuable skills to support our staff caring for patients with respiratory problems.”

Vet Times reported that, within 48 hours, 4,000 vets, veterinary nurses and students had signed up and that Dr Jo Hillard, who developed the idea, was in contact with about 50 Trusts – including in London, Wales, Liverpool, Birmingham, Nottingham and Norfolk.

An Acute Manager commented on HSJ’s article:

“It’s all hands to the pumps. If all staff are working flat out and need help I think asking people with medical and surgical training is a good idea (probably safer too).”

Elsewhere, a retired Consultant Anaesthetist wrote:

“Humans often successfully help others in an emergency, so the idea that having a formal education in a field closely related to the emergency might impair the chance of success seems bizarre” and more contentiously, “If a human is in the throes of a medical emergency, many vets might do a better job than many medical doctors, depending on the type of problem [paraphrased].”

14319741_s¹ News sources:

There have been many occasions when compelling, and often bizarre stories have arisen during the pandemic.



Handling the pandemic has been characterised throughout by delays, wilful ignorance, dumbness, statistical gymnastics, cronyism and contradictions by government and NHS leaders. For this reason, almost as soon as we identify an interesting subject, contradictory information has appeared with indecent haste.

For this reason, CRASH recommends the following information sources for regular updates on Covid-19.

The New York Times: normally available on subscription, NYT is providing free access to global news and guidance on coronavirus. It issues a daily update by email with the latest developments and expert advice about prevention and treatment. Register here→.

Cell Press: anopen access‘ platform for communicating life and physical science to the global research community and beyond, with a Coronavirus Resource Hub here→.

Vet Times: largely for the veterinary profession, it is a partly an open access platform with a Coronavirus hub here→, which contains other public interest articles too. 

Health Service Journal: always a ‘must read’ for professionals, leaders and anyone with an interest in health and social care, access to coronavirus-related articles is free here for registered users. Normally HSJ is available on subscription only, although registered users can access five free articles per month. 

Meanwhile, we continue to monitor Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust.


airplane taking off icon


Although this blog relates to mental health, Coronavirus (Covid-19) affects us all.

Whilst we profess no medical expertise, there is a wealth of information available. Therefore, we quote reliable sources in an attempt to clarify certain issues. This World Health Organisation chart compares the symptoms of Coronavirus, Cold & Flu.

89791403_10157190557311593_4340322756236148736_nNB: symptoms vary between individuals, so the WHO’s ‘rough guide’ is no substitute for a full examination and diagnosis by a medical professional.


  1.  Don’t be confused by use of ‘coronavirus’ and ‘COVID-19’. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.
  2. Most people who become infected experience mild illness and recover, although it can be more severe for others.
  3. Wash your hands frequently; regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Read more ‘common sense’ precautions here.

Two people bowing and greeting each other before business meeting4. Most estimates of the incubation period for COVID-19 range from 1-14 days, most commonly around five days.

5. With advisories about personal contact, is the Thai Wai not the most civilised greeting?



  1. Antibiotics work against viruses. NO – they only work on bacterial infections. COVID-19 is caused by a virus, so antibiotics do not work. They should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment of COVID-19.
  2.  COVID-19 is more deadly than SARS. NOSARS was more deadly but much less infectious. There have been no outbreaks of SARS in the world since 2003.
  3. I must wear a facemask. NO if you are not ill or looking after someone who is ill, you are wasting a mask. Disposable face masks can only be used once.
  4. It is simple to use a facemask. NO there are recognised protocols for when to use a facemask; how to put on, use, take off and dispose of masks. Click here for details.

There are more myth-busters here→.

“Don’t panic” [Corporal Jones, Dad’s Army]

We now turn to consequences, which bring out the worst in human behaviour.



At a supermarket yesterday, we thought W.W. III had started!  And there is no logic to the items being stock-piled. Vast empty shelves for loo-rolls (despite diarrhoea being only a rare symptom) but plentiful tissues (critical to safeguarding others from getting sick) .



20314344 - dog with a bag of cold water on his head


Golden Labrador pups must be having a world of fun in some households until they get sick. (Other brands are available!) 



“The pits of the world! Vultures! Trash!” [John Mcenroe]

We have seen women flighting over loo-rolls in a Sydney supermarket but here are two true stories of people in UK, who really are ‘reaching for the bottom’ [pun intended].

Smiling male doctor and nurse with guns isolated on white

One of our nieces is a senior hospital nurse: visitors/patients are stealing full hand-gel dispensers .

She talks of having an armed-guard when next receiving a delivery.




Our supermarket has two boxes for customers to gift items to foodbanks and vulnerable people generally. A kind-hearted person left some loo-rolls – only for another customer to nick them!



Girl Plumb Dirty Toilet


NO WORDS – and no punishment – she’d nick the loo-rolls!




¹ There has been one instance of a dog being infected in Hong Kong.